Prosthetics in Pediatric Dentistry: Etiology of Tooth Loss and Prosthetic Rehabilitation in Children 

(Pages: 25-30)

Kanjevac Tatjana1, Velickovic Milica2, Pavlovic Jasna3, Acovic Aleksandar1 and Markovic Dejan4

1Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Serbia; 2Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Serbia; 3Clinic of Orthodontics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pristina/Kosovska Mitrovica, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia; 4Clinic for Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30576/2414-2050.2020.06.5

 

 

Abstract: Premature tooth loss in childhood hinders the development of an orofacial system and leads to functional and esthetic disorders. Prosthetic rehabilitation in this age allows minimization of potential consequences. The review article intends to analyze etiological factors of tooth loss in children and available options of prosthetics treatment. Materials and methods: The authors collected data using studies available on PubMed, Scopus, Google Academic and Medline. Articles written in the English language were analyzed, published between 2000 and 2020 and earlier. Results: The causes of tooth loss in children can be, foremost, caries and its complications, trauma and congenital disorders. Depending on the degree of teeth loss, prosthetic therapy involves the use of direct and indirect restorations, preformed crowns, space maintainers and removable dentures. Conclusion: Therapeutic interventions which can prevent dentoalveolar disorders and complications after tooth loss are possible and desirable. However, prosthetic therapy is insufficiently considered and propagated by dentists, which confirmed sparse existing literature.

Keywords: : Prosthetics in children, premature tooth loss, early childhood caries, preformed crowns, etiology of tooth loss.